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Anthem For Doomed Youth
Dulce Et Decorum Est
Poems by Wilfred Owen
War Requiem

 "As the bells celebrating the armistice were ringing in Shrewsbury, the postman arrived to give his parents the telegram,"
- Peter Owen on how his uncle's death was bought to the family

 Dulce Et Decorum Est

Wilfred Owen.1893-1918

pencil sketch of Wilfred Owen

Wilfred Edward Salter Owen was born on 18th March 1893 in Oswestry, Shropshire, son of Tom and Susan Owen. After the death of his grandfather in 1897 the family moved to Birkenhead (Merseyside). His education began at the Birkenhead Institute, and then continued at the Technical School in Shrewsbury when the family were forced to move there in 1906-7 when his father was appointed Assistant Superintendent for the Western Region of the railways. Already displaying a keen interest in the arts, Owen's earliest experiments in poetry began at the age of 17. After failing to attain entrance to the University of London, he spent a year as a lay assistant to the Revd. Herbert Wigan at Dunsden before leaving for Bordeaux, France, to teach at the Berlitz School of English. During the latter part of 1914 and early 1915 Owen became increasingly aware of the magnitude of the War and he returned to England in September 1915 to enlist in the Artists' Rifles a month later. He received his commission to the Manchester Regiment (5th Battalion) in June 1916, and spent the rest of the year training in England.1917 in many ways was the pivotal year in his life, although it was to prove to be his penultimate. In January he was posted to France and saw his first action in which he and his men were forced to hold a flooded dug-out in no-man's land for fifty hours whilst under heavy bombardment. In March he was injured with concussion but returned to the front-line in April. In May he was caught in a shell-explosion and when his battalion was eventually relieved he was diagnosed as having shell-shock ('neurasthenia'). He was evacuated to England and on June 26th he arrived at Craiglockhart War Hospital near Edinburgh. Had Owen not arrived at the hospital at that time one wonders what might have happened to his literary career, for it was here that he met Siegfried Sassoon who was also a patient. Sassoon already had a reputation as a poet and after an awkward introduction he agreed to look over Owen's poems. As well as encouraging Owen to continue, he introduced him to such literary figures as Robert Graves (a friend of Sassoon's) which in turn, after his release from hospital, allowed Owen to mix with such luminaries as Arnold Bennett and H. G. Wells. The period in Craiglockhart, and the early part of 1918, was in many ways his most creative, and he wrote many of the poems for which he is remembered today. In June 1918 he rejoined his regiment at Scarborough and then in August he returned to France. He was awarded the Military Cross for bravery at Amiens, but was killed on the 4th November whilst attempting to lead his men across the Sambre canal at Ors. The news of his death reached his parents on November 11th 1918, the day of the armistice

Wilfred Owen. an article from the BBC

8th December 1917

Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,
Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,
Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs
And towards our distant rest began to trudge.
Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots
But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind;
Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots
Of tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped behind.

Gas! Gas! Quick, boys!-An ecstasy of fumbling,
Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;
But someone still was yelling out and stumbling
And flound'ring like a man in fire or lime...
Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light,
As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.

In all my dreams, before my helpless sight,
He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.

If in some smothering dreams you too could pace
Behind the wagon that we flung him in,
And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,
His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin;
If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood
Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,
Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud
Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,-
My friend, you would not tell with such high zest
To children ardent for some desperate glory,
The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est
Pro patria mori.

Wilfred Owen [click for larger]

Listen to readings of Owen's poem
'The Sentry', and to extracts from
a letter written to his mother in
January 1917. from the BBC
 

The greatest ever war poet?
church bells rang out across
Europe when news spread of
the Armistice that ended the
First World War on
November 11, 1918.
an article from the BBC
 

the texts of the poems are
taken from Jon Stallworthy's
edition of Owen's collected poems
 

-Wilfred Owen and his
Early Editors
Wilfred Owen is considered by
many to be perhaps the best
war poet in English, if not world,
 literature. Yet, at the time of his
death on November 4, 1918, only five
of his poems had been published

his life, a virtual tour of WW I sites
associated with Owen, plus texts
of his poems, plus alot more
 

Browse Owen's Manuscripts,
Photographs and Film Clips
of the Western Front, and
Audio Clips from interviews
with veterans. at the
Oxford University English
Faculty Library website
 

related internet links

including Rupert Brooke
Wilfred Owen and Isaac Rosenberg

including a complete run of
the periodical The Hydra, the
journal of the patients of
Craglockhart War Hospital
where Wilfred Owen was sent
to recover from shell-shock

There is a strong but neglected
tradition of women's poetry written
in response to the events of
the First World War.
 

Body of a WW 1 British soldier unearthed in France

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